The Source of Our Water

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   Arch Cape is a temperate rainforest with an average annual rainfall of 93 inches.  It typicaly rains in 185 days of the year.  In addition to water received by direct rainfall, the leaves and needles of the native Sitka Spruce, Hemlock, Alder and Western Cedar receive the condensation of water droplets from the dense fogs within the forests eventually adding their substantial volume to the streams draining to the west.

   The Arch Cape watershed is bounded on the west by the Pacific and to the east by Onion and Angora Peaks rising to nearly 3,000 feet in two miles of the coast and is a unique ecological zone in the U.S.

 

 

water droplets on needles

   Surface water eventually flows into both Shark Creek and Asbury Creek.  

   From October to June a portion of the water flowing in Shark Creek is directed to the water treatment plant at the impoundment dam shown at right.

 

 

Asbury Creek intake

   The Asbury Creek pump station usually begins operation in mid-June of each year and ceases operation in mid-October when water intake is resumed at Shark Creek.

Water District treatment plant

   The water treatment plant shown above houses the membrane modules shown at right which provides filtering to the water before being directed to the holding tank below.

Water District glass lined steel water tank

   Water held in the holding tank is then available on demand to Arch Cape customers.

Fog surrounding mature trees
Shark Creek intake dam

   When the water flowing in Shark Creek begins to diminish water is taken from the Asbury Creek intake at left and pumped to the water treatment plant for further processing at the pump station shown below.

Shark Creek pump house

   Water taken at Shark Creek and Asbury Creek, depending upon the time of year, is then brought to the water treatment plant at left where it is run through an ultrafiltration process with membranes shown below to remove particulate mater, bacteria and pathogens.  A minimum level of chlorine is then added as required by law.

   This water is then directed to the 525,000 gallon glass lined steel tank for gravity feed to customers through the five miles of pipes in the delivery system.

Membrane modules in the water treatment plant
Faucet